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In Germany, in 1933, due to increased pressure by the Hitler regime, especially on the Jewish people, in order to isolate them from society, the process of escaping from Germany began. The first stop, especially for the academical refugees, was The Society for Assistance to German Scientists Abroad in Zurich which was led by Prof. Dr. Philipp Schwartz. Because of the hospitality displayed by the Turkish institutions “mass immigration” of German academicians occurred. Thus, Istanbul University became “the greatest and the best German university”. This experience turned out to be successful by employing the help of students, assistants and voluntary translators who helped overcome the problem of language.

When a University Reform was made in Turkey the same year in August, many worthy and famous scientists of German origin taking refuge in Switzerland came to Istanbul, in October, upon the invitation of President Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK and became members of various faculties of Istanbul University. While Ord. Prof. Dr. Alfred HEILBRONN gave lectures in the Pharmacobotany and Genetics Institute in the newly built Biology Building in Süleymaniye, which was called Biology Institutes at that time, together with his colleague and friend in destiny Ord. Prof. Dr. Leo BRAUNER he worked on the establishment of the most modern Botanical Garden in Turkey after the declaration of the Republic.

Visiting Hours:8AM -4PM

Sabah:8 aksam:4

Tel: 0212 455 57 00’dan dahili 26813-26810

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Hosts NEY listening sessions every Saturday.


Zeytinburnu Kültür Sanat Merkezi
İrtibat Tel:              0 212 415 58 58

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It was called Chalcedon in ancient times when Greeks from Megara came in the area in 685BC, 18 years before they do the same on Byzantium (at the other side of Bosphorus). It was also known as city of the blind because the prophecy wanted Byzantium to be built opposite the city of the blind because the people that settled at Chaldedon didn’t see the value of the area at the other side around the Golden Horn(Keratios Kolpos in greek). Many conquered Chalcedon over the years, including Persians, Romans, Arabs, crusaders and Turks (in 1353, 100 years before they conquered Constantinople!).

The centre of Kadıköy today is the transportation hub for people commuting between the Asian side of the city and the European side across the Bosphorus. There is a large bus and minibus terminal next to the ferry docks. Ferries are the most dominantly visible form of transport in Kadıköy, and the central market area is adjacent to the ferry dock.

Kad?köy (known as Chalcedon in antiquity), is a large and populous cosmopolitan district on the Anatolian side of ?stanbul, Turkey, on the shore of the Marmara Sea, opposite the city. It is a residential and commercial district, and with its bars...

Kadıköy (Turkish pronunciation: [kaˈdɯkøj]; ancient and Byzantine Chalcedon) is a large, populous, and cosmopolitan district of İstanbulTurkey on the Asian side of the Sea of Marmara, facing the historic city centre on the European side of theBosporus. Kadıköy it is also the name of the most prominent neighbourhood of the district, a residential and commercial area that, with its numerous bars, cinemas and bookshops, is the cultural centre of the Anatolian side. Kadıköy became a district in 1928 when it seceded from Üsküdar district. The neighbourhoods of İçerenköyBostancı and Suadiye were also separated from the district of Kartal in the same year, and eventually joined the newly formed district of Kadıköy. Its neighbouring districts are Üsküdar to the northwest, Ümraniye to the northeast, Maltepe to the southeast, and Kartal beyond Maltepe. The population of Kadıköy district, according to the 2007 census, is 509,282.


Kadıköy is an older settlement than those on the Asian side of the city of İstanbul. Relics dating to 5500-3500 BC (Chalcolithic period) have been found at the Fikirtepe Mound, and articles of stone, bone, ceramic, jewelry and bronze show that there has been a continuous settlement since prehistoric times. A port settlement dating from the Phoenicians has also been discovered. Chalcedon was the first settlement which the Greeks from Megara established on the Bosphorus, in 685 BC, a few years before they established Byzantium on the other side of the strait in 667 BC. Chalcedon became known as the ‘city of the blind’, the story being that Byzantium was founded following a prophecy that a great capital would be built ‘opposite the city of the blind’ (meaning that the people of Chalcedon must have been blind not to see the obvious value of the peninsula on the Golden Horn as a natural defensive harbour). Chalcedon changed hands time and time again, as PersiansBithyniansRomansByzantinesArabs,Crusaders, and Turks passed through the area, which was badly damaged during the riotous Fourth Crusade and came into Ottoman hands in 1353, a full century before İstanbul (Constantinople). Thus, Kadıköy has the oldest mosque in İstanbul, built almost a century before the conquest of Constantinople in 1453.

At the time of the conquest, Chalcedon was a rural settlement outside the protection of the city. It was soon put under the jurisdiction of the İstanbul courts, hence the name Kadıköy, which means Village of the Judge. In the Ottoman period, Kadıköy became a popular market for agricultural goods and in time developed into a residential area for people who would commute to the city by boat. The population was the typical Ottoman İstanbul mix of ArmeniansGreeksJews and Turks. Kadıköy has several churches (GreekArmenianSerbianCatholicProtestant) and synagogues.

Kadıköy has many narrow streets filled with cafés, bars and restaurants, as well as many cinemas. Süreyya Opera House is a recent redevelopment of the same named historic movie theater..

The market area is mostly closed to traffic and contains a wide variety of fast food restaurants serving toasted sandwiches, hamburgers and döner kebab. Many students go to this area to buy large sandwiches called ‘maniac’ or ‘psychopath’. There are also traditional Turkish restaurants and patisseries, bridge schools, bars with live jazz, folk and rock music, as well as working class tea and backgammon houses.

Behind the center lies a large shopping and residential district winding uphill to the Bahariye Caddesi pedestrian zone. This area was transformed during the economic boom of the 1990s and many new bars were opened.

Kadıköy’s entertainment is generally not of the affluent type. It has a more working class ambience; therefore, it is easier to find food of the like of kebab, kokoreç and fried mussels than haute cuisine, though Musa Dağdeviren’s Çiya is found here.

Kadıköy does not have as much nightlife as Beyoğlu (where nightlife also continues much later into the night), nor does it have Nişantaşı’s style of shopping or the Bosphorus for nightlife. Instead, it is often considered a cheaper alternative but may still be regarded as vibrant.

Kadıköy is a busy shopping district, with a wide variety of atmospheres and architectural styles. The streets are varied, some being narrow alleyways and others, such as Bahariye Caddesi, being pedestrian zones. Turkey’s biggest food market is there, starting next to the Osman Ağa Mosque, and has an immense turnover of fresh foods and other products from all around Turkey, including a wide range of fresh fish and seafood, olive oil soap, and so on. There are also modern shopping centres, most notably the large Tepe Nautilus Shopping Mall behind the center of Kadıköy, and pavements crowded with street vendors selling socks, pirated copies of popular novels, and other products. In the streets behind the main post office, there is a large number of well-known bookshops selling both new and second-hand books, craft-shops and picture-framers, and a number of shops selling music CDs and related ephemera such as film posters and t-shirts. Hard Rock and Heavy Metal music is sold in the arcade namedAkmar Pasajı, where associated items are also sold. On Sundays this area becomes a large second-hand book and music street market. Being a crowded shopping district, Kadıköy has many buskers, shoe shine boys, glue sniffers and schoolchildren in the streets selling flowers, chewing gum and packets of tissues.

At the top of the shopping district there is an intersection, with a statue of a bull, called Altıyol (Six Ways), where a road leads to the civic buildings and a huge street market called Salı Pazarı (Tuesday Market). The working-class residential districts of Hasanpaşa and Fikirtepe are located behind the civic buildings.







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An attendant gives a soap massage to a customer at the newly restored Roxelana's hamam in Istanbul May 12, 2011. (Reuters)

The Haseki Hürrem Sultan Hamamı (translatable as: “Bath of Roxelana“) is a Turkish hamam that was commissioned by Sultan Suleiman I‘s consort Roxelana and constructed byMimar Sinan during the 16th century in Istanbul. It was constructed for the religious community of the nearby Hagia Sophia.

In 2007 Istanbul authorities decided to return the hamam to its original use after a 105-year hiatus and launched a tender for its restoration, won by a tourism development group. After a 3-year-long restoration project that costed $11 million, the bath re-gained its glory and now being operated by Haseki Tourism Group. Hamam services start from “Pir-i Pak” package of 70 euros for the customary steam bath, peeling and soap massage.


ISTANBUL, Turkey: For decades the 16th century bath house built for the Ottoman Empire’s most infamous woman, Roxelana, languished unnoticed between the Blue Mosque and the Haghia Sophia, relegated to life as a carpet showroom.

Ottoman bath houses, structures once so important they were designed by the finest architects of the realm, fell out of favor as Turkey modernized and its citizens installed running water and bathrooms in their homes.

Yet the architectural pedigree of many of the bath houses, the rising number of foreign tourists, and a resurgent interest among Turks in all things Ottoman, have revived the fortunes of the old stone hamams as developers recognize their huge earning potential.

Roxelana’s hamam, a long, domed building completed in 1557 by the prolific architect Sinan, is the latest Istanbul bath to be restored to its former grandeur – emerging after years of neglect as an oasis of gleaming marble and inviting alcoves. “Turkey is learning to place more importance on its past,” said architect Tevfik Ilter, who led the 17 million lira project.

“In the last 15 years we started to restore our buildings. Before that the focus was on constructing things fast. If a structure was broken we’d just try and fix it with concrete.”

In 2007 Istanbul authorities decided to return the hamam to its original use after a 105-year hiatus and launched a tender for its restoration, won by a tourism development group.

The bath will open in June and charge 86 euros for the customary steam bath, peeling and soap massage. The same service in one of the handful of old local hamams still in operation in Istanbul would cost around 15 euros.

Visitors to the separate men’s and women’s sections of the bath enter a soaring domed chamber the size of a small mosque, with tiers of wooden changing rooms circling the walls.

After donning a cotton wrap known as a pestemal and slippers they enter the steamy, white marble bath. Once the moisture has penetrated their skin, an attendant scrubs the body to remove the dead skin cells, before dousing the visitor in water.

“It is not just about bathing. It is a purification process, a ritual process,” Ilter said.

Hamams are a tradition common to most Muslim countries as Islam emphasizes cleanliness and washing, particularly before prayer. But besides their original religious function they were also a place for people to relax and mingle.

While Istanbul now offers four or five historic luxury hamams to chose from, the figure of Roxelana, long a subject of Western orientalist fantasy could prove a particular draw.

Born into a Ukrainian family as Aleksandra Lisowska some time around 1500 she was captured by raiding Crimean Tartars and sold as a slave in Constantinople, where she was selected for the harem.

Through her charm and guile she managed to catch the eye of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent, displacing his former favorite and eventually becoming his wife.

The bath’s reopening coincides with the screening of a television drama based on the life of Roxelana, which has captivated Turkish audiences, but also drew complaints for its sexual content and liberty with the truth.

Its glamorous costumes, sumptuous interiors, and the endless conniving and plotting among the women of the harem have fed the resurgent local interest in the Ottoman Empire, from which modern Turkey was formed in 1923.

History has not viewed Roxelana kindly, portraying her as a meddlesome schemer. Her son Selim, inherited the empire from his father but proved a disastrous ruler and an alcoholic.

Selim is said to have died in 1574 after slipping and banging his head in a hammam while drunk. “We don’t know for sure whether Roxelana ever came to her hamam. She died in 1558 and the bath was finished in 1557,” said Ilter.

“Some people think the Sultan built it for her so bathers would pray for her in her ill health. Either way the location of the hamam, right opposite the Haghia Sophia in a central position shows her power and influence.”

Old Istanbul is littered with the ruins of old hamams, most of which are beyond saving. But other restorations are already in the works, particularly of structures built by Sinan.

“History used to be about war and about being a hero. Now we are learning about the history of architecture, leisure and social life,” Ilter said

Read more:
(The Daily Star :: Lebanon News ::

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Mihrimah Sultan Turkish Bath


It is reported that Sultan Suleyman, the Kanuni, had constructed two large mosques and education complexes, one in Uskudar and one in Edirnekapi, ­ naming them after his daughter, Mihrimah Sultan, born to Hurrem Sultan. The interesting thing related to those historical works is that, while the sun is rising behind one minaret of the Mihrimah Sultan Mosque in Edirnekapi, the moon emerges between the two minarets of the mosque in Uskudar. Mihrimah is a Persian word, meaning “sun and moon”


The historical Mihrimah Sultan Mosque, located in Edirnekapi, as a part of the Mihrimah Sultan Mosque Education Complex, was, according to historical literature, built between 1562 and 1565 in the form of a double Turkish Bath, according to a design which was common in the classical period. The Mihrimah Sultan Turkish Bath has a significant role in Turkish bath culture.







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HasekiHekimoğlu Ali Paşa Cad. 30

Bostan Bath is to your right while going towards  Davutpaşa. Men’s section closes at 10pm but watchout, the female section closes at 7pm.  It is said that Fatih Sultan Mehmed the conqueror of istanbul bathed in this hamam.  And The Tellak Dede who washed him (“Tellak” is the term for male workers in the hamam) has a tomb adjecent to the hamam.

It is located in a very photographic neighbourhood especially if you walk down Koca Mustafa Paşa Cad. after your visit seeing Bulgur Palace behind tall walls and Cerrah Mehmet Paşa mosque.

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Ağaçlı Sahili

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Kadikoy’s Caddebostan Beach was a hot spot in the 1950s and has recently reopened after being closed for almost 40 years.

Located in their eponymous Asian boroughs along the Sea of Marmara, This free beach has sun stretchers, changing rooms, toilets, showers and kiosks selling food and drinks. The beach has life guards for your safety.

However, as with anything free, it is packed most of the time. The people’s beaches get crowded once the schools shut their doors for the term, but their proximity to the shopping mecca of Bagdat Caddesi and location right smack in the center of the action might just offer the exhausted a much needed respite.

Caddebostan Sahil Yolu,
Kadikoy – Istanbul

Getting There:

Caddebostan is on the Asian side so you would need to take the ferry over to Kadıkoy and get a bus from there to Caddebostan, or to Bostancı, or the banliyo train and get of at Surreya Plaj stop.

It is part of greater Caddebostan Coastal Park. It is a small beach but there is a very nice restaurant called Cafe Zanzibar right next to it.

From Sultanahmet get on the tram, get off at Eminonu and take an Eminonu-Kadikoy ferry from Eminonu to Kadikoy. Once at Kadikoy just take either the Bostanci bus or Bostanci Dolmush(shared taxi) but specify “Sahilden” to the dolmush driver. Get off the municipal bus or dolmush at Caddebostan in front of Migros Hypermarket and walk thru the park towards the sea. The beaches(two of them 500 meters apart) are 10 and 15 minutes walk from there.

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The Dalia Beach Club, which started to go into operation in 2002 summer, has aimed to create the Mediterian athmosphere for the people in Black Sea.

We are waiting for you with our green areas,bars,mouth-watering fish menu in our restaurant,a beach volleyball field,a magazine and book reading area,private security and a parking lot with the capacity of  one thousand cars.  In the summer or winter,in the spring or fall, day or night anytime you wish.


You can get rid of the stress of weekdays in peace in the arms of nature

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